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News/Is This the Future? ERC-404 Explodes, But Can DN-404 Steal the Show?

Is This the Future? ERC-404 Explodes, But Can DN-404 Steal the Show?

Van Thanh Le

Feb 15 2024

5 months ago4 minutes read
Cityscape artwork in cubist style represents fractional ownership, symbolizing potential of fractional NFTs (ERC-404 & DN-404)

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The Semi-Fungible Frenzy: ERC-404 Shakes Up the Cryptoverse

A new kid's arrived on the Ethereum block, and it's causing quite a stir. ERC-404, an experimental token standard, is stirring the Ethereum blockchain with its bold attempt to weave together the distinct threads of ERC-20's fungibility and ERC-721's uniqueness into a groundbreaking semi-fungible fabric. Imagine owning a slice of a digital Mona Lisa; ERC-404 is making this a reality, allowing for the fractional ownership of NFTs, transforming how they're traded and leveraged.

At the heart of ERC-404's whirlwind success story is Pandora (PANDORA), a token that defied gravity by rocketing from $250 to a staggering $32,000 in under a week. With just 8,000 tokens in existence, Pandora's trading volume exploded to $76 million in a single day, casting a spotlight on the frenzied excitement and vast potential of semi-fungible tokens.


The ripple effects of Pandora's astonishing ascent have been profound, inspiring a wave of ERC-404 tokens and earning nods from trading titans like OKX and Binance. This burgeoning support underscores the burgeoning legitimacy and enthusiasm surrounding ERC-404, despite its infancy and experimental nature.

The buzz around ERC-404 tokens has precipitated a spike in Ethereum gas fees, soaring to an 8-month pinnacle with average peak prices touching 70 gwei, equivalent to $60 for a standard transaction, and surges reaching up to 377 gwei. This uptick is directly linked to the frenetic trading activities centered on ERC-404 tokens like Pandora and DeFrogs, which collectively amassed over $600 million in trading volume within a span of a week, showcasing the intense market engagement and speculative fervor these tokens have ignited.

Source: Etherscan

Despite the innovative allure of ERC-404, the path is strewn with risks and controversies, primarily stemming from its unofficial status and the absence of comprehensive external audits. A notable incident saw a user incurring $113,000 in gas fees for a $26,000 investment in an ERC-404 token, which subsequently plummeted to near worthlessness, highlighting the speculative perils and financial risks inherent in early adoption of such experimental tokens.

The user spent $113,000 on gas for a transaction worth $26,000.webp
The user spent $113,000 on gas for a transaction worth $26,000. Source: Etherscan

Looking forward, the ERC-404 standard is poised at the threshold of potential official recognition through an Ethereum Improvement Proposal (EIP). Its capacity to natively fractionalize and enhance the liquidity of NFTs offers tantalizing prospects for the crypto market. However, the journey towards widespread adoption and the establishment of a secure and stable standard is fraught with obstacles, including the imperative to mitigate high transaction costs and ensure robust security measures.

The Tumultuous Tale of ERC-404 and DN-404 Tokens

A new token standard, ERC-404, waltzed onto the Ethereum scene, promising fractional ownership of NFTs. This hybrid approach, championed by the mysterious "ctrl" and "Acme," aimed to democratize access to valuable digital assets. Since its inception, Pandora ERC-404 tokens have seen a staggering 530% return, trading at $23,484 with a market cap of $235 million at one point. 

But the fanfare was met with mixed reactions. Some see it as a revolutionary stride forward, while skeptics question its deviation from traditional ERC protocols, fearing it may hamper its legitimacy and adoption. Concerns hover over transaction fee inefficiencies and technical snags, spotlighting the inherent challenges in burning and re-minting NFTs.

Robots dance around fragmented NFT artwork in a digital vault.jpg

Despite an initial spike in interest and valuation, ERC-404 tokens encountered a downturn, with Pandora's market cap taking a sharp dive from $324 million to $150 million. Other tokens built on the ERC-404 standard also saw declines on February 12, highlighting the volatile nature of experimental token standards.

Enter DN-404, a rival standard aiming to be the smoother partner. This contender promises efficiency, compliance, and versatility, all while addressing ERC-404's shortcomings. But the dance floor remains crowded. Both standards have sparked debates about network strain, sustainability, and the need for formal approval.

The experimental spirit continues with tokens like Trader Joe’s SHOE, built on DN-404. These ventures showcase the community's hunger for innovation, but also the inherent risks of untested standards and market speculation.

So, is it a graceful innovation or a risky misstep? Only time will tell if these token standards can find their rhythm and gain widespread adoption. But one thing's for sure, the Ethereum tango is far from over, and the next steps will be crucial in determining the future of this captivating dance.

Pandora Rebounds, Ushering in the ERC-404 Era

Pandora, a crypto newcomer built on the experimental ERC-404 standard, has taken the scene by storm since its February 2nd launch. In an astonishing first week, its valuation soared, hitting an eye-watering $320 million and positioning it as a beacon for investors and enthusiasts alike.

The buzz around Pandora was not just about its valuation. Trading activity surged to an impressive 73,024 ETH as of February 14, roughly translating to $190 million, as per insights from Nansen. This flurry of activity spanned decentralized exchanges and NFT marketplaces, underscoring the token's magnetic allure across diverse crypto platforms.

Despite experiencing an over 50% slide from its peak, Pandora maintained a resilient price point of around $19,000. This slight price adjustment seemed to barely ruffle the feathers of its 1,420 unique owners, each proudly holding at least one full token.

The "diamond hands" phenomenon further illustrated the community's confidence, with half of the 5,681 NFTs or full tokens firmly held by steadfast believers. This remarkable retention rate eclipsed even the most coveted collections, signaling a deep-rooted belief in Pandora's long-term vision.

Whale watchers had a field day as significant transactions came to light, including Amber Group's acquisition of 109 Pandora tokens for a cool $1.96M. Another notable move was a whale's hefty $3.09 million USDC investment for 136.08 tokens, marking them as Pandora's second-largest enthusiast.

The minting frenzy around ERC-404 tokens was nothing short of spectacular, with over $344 million minted in just a week. This unprecedented activity highlighted the vibrant market interest and the unique appeal of ERC-404's mint-and-burn mechanism.

According to CryptoSlam, the Pandora (PANDORA) ERC-404 NFT transactions have surpassed $70 million in the past week, with 1,217 owners and a short average hold time. 

In the last week, the NFT transaction volume for Pandora ERC-404 has exceeded $70 million.webp
In the last week, Pandora ERC-404's NFT transaction volume exceeded $70M. Source: CryptoSlam

Whales have made significant purchases in the past two days, and the tokens are fractionally pegged to the entire NFT. Each token represents an NFT box, enhancing tradability on decentralized exchanges. When bought, a corresponding NFT is minted; when sold, the associated NFT is burned, ensuring liquidity and utility for the tokens. 

Despite this surge, major NFT marketplaces like OpenSea and Blur remained largely unaffected, suggesting that the ERC-404 transactions found a harmonious place within the ecosystem, without unsettling the balance of traditional NFT trades.

Following Pandora's trailblazing success, a wave of ERC-404-centric projects have emerged, capturing the industry's attention. With three projects already breaking the 10,000 ETH volume barrier and another dozen surpassing 1,000 ETH, the trajectory for ERC-404 tokens is set, marking a new era of innovation and excitement in the crypto realm.


The saga of ERC-404 and DN-404 throws the spotlight on the thrilling, turbulent world of NFT innovation. While fractional ownership unlocks exciting possibilities, concerns linger about gas fees, security, and long-term viability. Whether these standards lead the NFT evolution or become footnotes remains to be seen. One thing's certain: the dance between revolutionary potential and inherent risks in this new frontier is far from over.


1. What is ERC-404 and how does it work?

ERC-404 is a novel token standard on the Ethereum blockchain that enables fractional ownership of NFTs. Unlike traditional, whole NFTs, ERC-404 tokens allow users to own a portion of an NFT, democratizing access to valuable digital assets.

2. What are the pros and cons of ERC-404?

Pros: Increased liquidity for NFTs, wider investor participation, potential for new asset classes. Cons: High gas fees, technical complexities, lack of official recognition, potential for manipulation.

3. What is DN-404 and how does it differ from ERC-404?

DN-404, a rival standard aiming to address ERC-404's shortcomings, promises efficiency, compliance, and versatility. Key differences include a smoother burning and re-minting process, and potential for regulatory approval.

4. Is it safe to invest in ERC-404 and DN-404 tokens?

Both standards are in their early stages and carry inherent risks. High gas fees, technical glitches, and market volatility should be considered. Thorough research and understanding of the potential downsides are crucial before investing.

This article has been refined and enhanced by ChatGPT.

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