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News/ORC-20 vs. BRC-20: Unraveling Token Standards on the Bitcoin Blockchain

ORC-20 vs. BRC-20: Unraveling Token Standards on the Bitcoin Blockchain

Jens Danielsson

May 15 2023

last year3 minutes read

Discover the Revolutionary ORC-20 Tokens: The Future of Bitcoin Blockchain

Written by Van

In the fast-paced world of cryptocurrencies, innovation and advancements in token standards are constantly shaping the future of digital assets. One such groundbreaking standard is ORC-20, which operates on the Bitcoin blockchain and aims to overcome the limitations of the popular BRC-20 standard. This comprehensive guide will delve into the intricacies of ORC-20 tokens, exploring their features, benefits, and how they differentiate themselves from BRC-20 tokens.

Unveiling the Power of the ORC-20 Standard


The ORC-20 standard, an open standard built on the Bitcoin network, is designed to enhance the existing BRC-20 token standard. Its primary objective is to maintain backward compatibility while simultaneously improving adaptability, scalability, and security. Inspired by Ethereum's ERC-20 standard, the BRC-20 tokens utilize the Ordinals protocol on the Bitcoin blockchain, allowing developers to create and transfer fungible tokens.

Building upon the foundation of Ordinals and the BRC-20 token standard, the ORC-20 protocol extends the scope of functionality and addresses its predecessor's limitations. One significant improvement is the support for a wider array of data formats, offering developers greater flexibility in token development. Additionally, ORC-20 leverages Bitcoin's Unspent Transaction Output (UTXO) model to mitigate the risk of double-spending, a concern that has plagued some BRC-20 tokens.

Advantages of ORC-20 Tokens over BRC-20 Tokens

Enhanced Security and Flexibility

ORC-20 tokens provide substantial enhancements in security and flexibility compared to their BRC-20 counterparts. Leveraging the UTXO model, ORC-20 effectively eliminates the risk of double-spending, which has been a significant concern for many token projects. In this model, each transaction invalidates the previous balance, ensuring the integrity of the token transfer process. Furthermore, ORC-20 introduces the inclusion of a nonce, allowing senders to cancel partial transactions if needed, thus adding an extra layer of security.

Expanded Data Format Support

One limitation of the BRC-20 standard is its restricted support for data formats. ORC-20 addresses this issue by enabling a wider range of data formats, empowering developers with increased flexibility and creativity when designing tokens. This expanded data format support opens up a plethora of possibilities for innovative token use cases and applications.

Understanding the Distinctions Between ORC-20 and BRC-20 Tokens

ORC-20 tokens and BRC-20 tokens share similarities as token standards on the Bitcoin network. However, there are notable differences that set them apart. Let's compare ORC-20 and BRC-20 tokens in the following table:

AspectORC-20 TokensBRC-20 Tokens
SecurityLeverages UTXO model to prevent double-spendingInherits security features from Bitcoin
Data Format SupportSupports a wider range of data formatsSupports specific data format
Token DeploymentEnables deployment of new ORC-20 tokensAllows creation of BRC-20 tokens
Migration CapabilityAllows migration from BRC-20 to ORC-20Allows migration from BRC-20 to ORC-20
Naming SpaceProvides flexible naming space for tokensRestricted naming space for tickers
Ecosystem IntegrationPromotes adoption of Ordinals and data typesFacilitates tokenization on the Bitcoin network
Community AdoptionGaining traction and growing adoptionEstablished usage within the crypto ecosystem











These distinctions highlight how ORC-20 tokens aim to address limitations present in the BRC-20 standard. ORC-20 tokens offer enhanced security measures, broader data format support, increased flexibility in naming, and the capability to migrate from BRC-20 tokens.

These improvements contribute to the adaptability, scalability, and security of ORC-20 tokens within the evolving token landscape on the Bitcoin network. By providing these distinctive features, ORC-20 tokens open up new possibilities for developers, investors, and users seeking advanced token functionalities and innovative use cases.

Risks and Considerations with ORC-20 Tokens

While ORC-20 presents significant potential for improving token standards on the Bitcoin network, it is crucial to acknowledge that it is still an experimental project. The value and utility of tokens created using this standard are not guaranteed. ORC-20 has received criticism for its complexity and limited advantages over existing standards. Therefore, it is imperative for investors to exercise caution, conduct thorough research, and evaluate the associated risks before engaging with ORC-20 tokens.

ORC-20 Tokens and Their Integration with the Bitcoin Network


Synergy with Bitcoin's Strengths

ORC-20 tokens leverage the exceptional security and decentralized nature of the Bitcoin network, which is widely recognized as one of the most robust and secure blockchain networks. By building on top of Bitcoin, ORC-20 tokens inherit the network's proven track record and established infrastructure. This synergy enhances the credibility and reliability of ORC-20 tokens, attracting users who value the unparalleled security and immutability offered by the Bitcoin blockchain.

Addressing BRC-20 Limitations

The inception of the ORC-20 standard stems from the need to address the limitations present in the BRC-20 token standard. ORC-20 introduces improvements such as enhanced security, flexibility in data formats, and scalability. By addressing these limitations, ORC-20 aims to provide a more robust and feature-rich token standard on the Bitcoin network, catering to the evolving demands of the crypto ecosystem.

Exploring the Versatility of ORC-20 Tokens

ORC-20 tokens offer a wide range of applications and functionalities within the crypto ecosystem. Let's delve into some of the ways these tokens can be effectively utilized:

Token Deployment

Users can deploy new ORC-20 tokens by utilizing the "deploy event." This functionality allows for the creation of unique tokens with specific attributes and properties, empowering token issuers to tailor their tokens to specific use cases.


ORC-20 tokens can be minted using the "mint event." This process involves the creation of new tokens, expanding the token supply and enabling their distribution to users. Minting offers flexibility and scalability in managing token availability.


ORC-20 tokens can be seamlessly sent from one address to another using the "send event." This feature facilitates quick and secure transactions, enabling the transfer of value between token holders with ease and efficiency.


ORC-20 tokens provide the ability to cancel partial transactions through the "cancel event." This unique feature allows users to reverse or undo transactions that have not been fully processed, offering greater flexibility and control over token transfers.


Existing ORC-20 tokens can be upgraded using the "upgrade event." This feature enables token issuers to introduce changes to token parameters such as supply and maximum mint values. By upgrading tokens, issuers can optimize their offerings and adapt to evolving market conditions.

The transaction model of ORC-20 tokens, based on the UTXO (Unspent Transaction Output) model, ensures secure and efficient transfers. Moreover, the expanded data format support enhances the versatility of these tokens, empowering developers to explore innovative use cases.

The Growing Popularity of ORC-20 Tokens


As of May 15, Dune Analytics data has recorded a total of 180,064 ORC-20 transactions, with 14.68 BTC paid as fees. Dune also revealed a remarkable surge in ORC-20 transactions on the Bitcoin blockchain, particularly on May 13. 

On that day, a record-breaking 72,200 ORC-20 transactions were recorded, marking an all-time high. Notably, approximately 70,000 of these transactions were associated with the minting of ORC-20 Inscriptions, amounting to a payment of 5.8 BTC. These ORC-20 token transactions predominantly occurred within categories such as PUNK, PEPE, MEME, and others.

In comparison, the number of BRC-20 transactions on May 13 amounted to approximately 265,000 transactions. As of May 15, it has surpassed 5,623,800 transactions. Network participants have paid 1,074 BTC in fees to join the game.

These figures underscore the growing activity and adoption of both ORC-20 and BRC-20 tokens within the crypto community. Furthermore, the release of Binance Academy's informative blog post about ORC-20 Tokens further contributed to the heightened interest and engagement surrounding these token standards.

FAQ about ORC-20 and BRC-20

Q: Can you elaborate on the process of deploying ORC-20 tokens and how it differs from BRC-20 token deployment?

A: Deploying ORC-20 tokens involves utilizing the "deploy event" to create unique tokens with specific attributes, providing greater customization options compared to BRC-20 token deployment.

Q: Can you explain the concept of token migration from BRC-20 to ORC-20 and how it affects investors and token issuers?

A: ORC-20 tokens allow for the migration of tokens from BRC-20 to the enhanced ORC-20 standard, offering token issuers the opportunity to leverage the improvements of the new standard while maintaining compatibility and user base.

Q: What are the major differences in the data format support between ORC-20 and BRC-20 tokens, and how does it impact token development?

A: ORC-20 tokens support a wider range of data formats compared to BRC-20 tokens. This expanded support allows developers to explore more innovative token use cases and applications, unlocking greater creativity and versatility.

Q: How do ORC-20 tokens contribute to the future of tokenization on the Bitcoin network, and what potential advancements can we expect in the ecosystem?

A: ORC-20 tokens play a pivotal role in shaping the future of tokenization on the Bitcoin network by providing advanced features, improved standards, and increased functionality. They pave the way for innovative use cases and further adoption of tokenized assets.


ORC-20 tokens, as a revolutionary open standard designed to enhance token functionality on the Bitcoin blockchain, have gained significant traction in the crypto community. With their enhanced security, flexibility, and compatibility with BRC-20, ORC-20 tokens offer developers and users exciting possibilities in the evolving digital asset landscape. 

As adoption continues to grow, ORC-20 tokens are poised to play a vital role in shaping the future of tokenization on the Bitcoin network, empowering individuals and businesses with advanced features and improved token standards. Stay tuned for further developments and innovations in the realm of ORC-20 tokens as the crypto ecosystem continues to evolve.

This article has been refined and enhanced by ChatGPT.

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